Concussion Management

How do I know if I have had a concussion?

After a blow to the head or body, you may experience loss of consciousness and/or some of the following symptoms:

  • Headaches
  • Feeling mentally foggy
  • Trouble with mental tasks such as attending, concentrating, and remembering
  • Slow thinking, difficulty reading
  • Getting lost or easily confused
  • Feeling tired
  • Having low energy
  • Feeling sad, irritable, anxious, or overly emotional
  • Having difficulty sleeping or sleeping a lot more than usual
  • Feeling light headed, dizzy or off balance
  • Light sensitivity
  • Noise sensitivity
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Ringing in the ears
  • In young children, the following may be noticed: vomiting, unsteady walking, loss of a previously attained skill (e.g., toileting, walking, or speech), listlessness, crankiness, loss of interest in usually enjoyed activities or things, change in sleep or eating, trouble functioning in school

A person will have some, but usually not all of these symptoms, following concussion. You can have a concussion without having actually hit your head.

It also is important to note that just because you have hit your head or had a blow to your body does not mean that you have sustained a concussion. In fact, even if you developed a headache, dizziness, or nausea, you may not have had a concussion versus trauma to your head and neck. Feeling foggy and some other symptoms of concussion also can reflect a normal emotional reaction to a traumatic event, rather than a concussion.

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